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Williams, D., Mears, M., Kirke, A., Miranda, E., Daly, I., & Malik, A., et al. (2016). A perceptual and affective evaluation of an affectively driven engine for video game soundtracking. ACM Computers in Entertainment, 14(3). 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw (15 Apr 2017 08:55:24 Europe/Copenhagen)   Last edited by: Mark Grimshaw (18 Apr 2017 18:03:33 Europe/Copenhagen)
Resource type: Journal Article
Peer reviewed
BibTeX citation key: Williams2016a
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Categories: Interactive Music
Keywords: Music
Creators: Daly, Hwang, Kirke, Malik, Mears, Miranda, Nasuto, Weaver, Williams
Collection: ACM Computers in Entertainment
Views: 12/12
Views index: 100%
Popularity index: 25%
URLs     Online article
Abstract     
"We report on a player evaluation of a pilot system for dynamic video game soundtrack generation. The system being evaluated generates music using an AI-based algorithmic composition technique to create score in real-time, in response to a continuously varying emotional trajectory dictated by gameplay cues. After a section of gameplay, players rated the system on a Likert scale according to emotional congruence with the narrative, and also according to their perceived immersion with the gameplay. The generated system showed a statistically meaningful and consistent improvement in ratings for emotional congruence, yet with a decrease in perceived immersion, which might be attributed to the marked difference in instrumentation between the generated music, voiced by a solo piano timbre, and the original, fully orchestrated soundtrack. Finally, players rated selected stimuli from the generated soundtrack dataset on a two-dimensional model reflecting perceived valence and arousal. These ratings were compared to the intended emotional descriptor in the meta-data accompanying specific gameplay events. Participant responses suggested strong agreement with the affective correlates, but also a significant amount of inter-participant variability. Individual calibration of the musical feature set, or further adjustment of the musical feature set are therefore suggested as useful avenues for further work."
  
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