Adorno, T. W., & Eisler, H. (1994).
Composing for the films. London: Athlone Press.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 06 Jan 2007 07:09:36 Europe/Copenhagen
For the talking picture, too, is mute. The characters in it are not speaking people but speaking effigies, endowed with all the features of the pictorial, the photographic two-dimensionality, the lack of spatial depth. ... Although the sound of these words is sufficiently different from the sound of natural words, they are far from providing 'images of voices' in the same sense in which photography provides us with images of people"
Balázs, B. (1952) The theory of the film: Sound. . Retrieved January 16, 2006,
http://atc.berkeley.edu ... adings/Humon_Belazs.pdf
Last edited by: sirfragalot 23 Oct 2015 15:31:49 Europe/Copenhagen
"...sound alone is not space creating."
Any sound (i.e. real sound that is recorded) always has some quality of its space recorded with it. "In this way, in the sound film, the fixed, immutable, permanent distance between spectator and actor is eliminated not only visually ... but acoustically as well. Not only as spectators, but as listeners, too, we are transferred from our seats to the space in which the events depicted on the screen are taking place."
"We accept seen space as real only when it contains sounds as well, for these give it the dimension of depth."
Bartkowiak, A. (Director) (2005).
Doom III [Film]. J. Wells (Producer). USA: Universal Pictures.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 12 Feb 2006 13:23:47 Europe/Copenhagen
Has a lengthy shootemup sequence shot in first person POV in manner almost identical to the games.
Blesser, B., & Salter, L.-R. (2007).
Spaces speak, are you listening? Experiencing aural architecture. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Added by: sirfragalot 12 Feb 2014 16:37:10 Europe/Copenhagen
"Auditory spatial awareness is more than just the ability to detect that space has changed sounds; it includes as well the emotional and behavioral experience of space."
Because humans have an innate ability to produce sound (cf light production), "aural architecture is dynamic, reactive and enveloping." Spaces respond sonically to the human voice and sound-making but not visually.
"A cognitive map of space is a combination of the rules of geometry as well as knowledge about the physical world. [...] This knowledge is acquired in childhood and continually modified in our experience as adults, we are not conscious of its existence. When sensing a spatial environment, an individual builds a cognitive map of space using a combination of sensory information and experiences accumulated over a lifetime. [The map] is subjective and personalized -- an active and synthetic creation -- rather than a passive reaction to stimuli."
Breitsameter, S. (2003). Acoustic ecology and the new electroacoustic space of digital networks.
Soundscape, 4(2), 24–30.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 06 Dec 2006 10:41:12 Europe/Copenhagen
Suggests that acoustic ecology may also be concerned with electroacoustic spaces.
Carpenter, E., & McLuhan, M. (1970). Acoustic space. In E. Carpenter & M. McLuhan (Eds),
Explorations in Communication (pp. 65–70). London: Jonathan Cape.
Added by: sirfragalot 07 Jan 2017 11:56:06 Europe/Copenhagen
"Auditory space has no favored focus. It's a sphere without fixed boundaries, space made by the thing itself, not space containing the thing."
"Auditory space has no boundaries in the visual sense [...] There is nothing in auditory space corresponding to the vanishing point in visual perspective [...] auditory space lacks the precision of visual orientation."
Carter, P. (2004). Ambiguous traces, mishearing, and auditory space. In V. Erlmann (Ed.),
Hearing Cultures: Essays on Sound Listening and Modernity (pp. 43–63). Oxford: Berg.
Added by: sirfragalot 20 Dec 2007 17:14:31 Europe/Copenhagen
"LISTENERS CONSTRUCT AUDITORY SPACE [...] To be communicative depends upon anticipating the other's moves."
"Auditory space is durational, but it lacks music's (and writing's) commitment to linear development. Without a sense of ending, it is not located between silences."
Chagas, P. C. (2005) Polyphony and embodiment: A critical approach to the theory of autopoiesis.
Revista Transcultural de Música, 9 . Retrieved July 7, 2006, http://www.sibetrans.com/trans/trans9/chagas.htm
Added by: sirfragalot 07 Jul 2006 11:11:38 Europe/Copenhagen
"Reverberation becomes an instrument of the
deconstruction and re-construction of space"
Clair, R. (1929) The art of sound. . Retrieved January 16, 2006,
https://web.archive.org ... ne/575/art-of-sound.htm
Added by: sirfragalot 20 Jun 2006 08:17:52 Europe/Copenhagen
Describes a single shot in which the camera is focussed on a face reacting to events (as described by sound) outside the screen. Clair makes the point that an equivalent to this one shot would require several shots in a silent movie. This is due "to the "unity of place" achieved through sound. Sound possesses an "economy of means" that allows it to replace image.
Foucault, M. (1984). Of other spaces, heterotopias.
Architecture, Mouvement, Continuité, 5, 46–49.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 20 Apr 2016 09:36:44 Europe/Copenhagen
Defines the term
heterotopia which is an "effectively enacted utopia in which the real sites, all the other real sites that can be found within the culture, are simultaneously represented, contested, and inverted. Places of this kind are outside of all places, even though it may be possible to indicate their location in reality."
As an example of
heterotopia, Foucault gives the example of a mirror. A mirror is a utopia but, because it does exist in reality, it is also a heterotopia exerting a "counteraction on the position" the viewer occupies. "...a virtual space that opens up behind the surface; I see myself there, there where I am not, a sort of shadow that gives my own visibility to myself, that enables me to see myself there where I am absent".
Grönlund, B. 1997, March 21
Urbanity: Lived space and difference. Paper presented at Urbanity & Aesthetics, Copenhagen University.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 25 Jan 2006 13:48:52 Europe/Copenhagen
Some discussion of Lebebvre's
differential space with some criteria being: Differential space - some criteria Dominated by users Time is a resource Non-quantifiable activities Creative space for love, being, works, amenities A place of festivity The space of non-labour Some degree of pluralism Eroticized space Space of ambiguity Fixed, semi-fixed, movable or vacant Situational, relational space Compact, highly elaborated places of encounter and transition Empty places for play and encounter - unspecified places Spaces for minorities and the marginal Differential space is the 3rd historical stage in Lefebvre's ontological transformation of space.
Heidegger, M. (1962).
Being and time J. Macquarrie & E. Robinson, Trans. Oxford: Blackwell.
Added by: sirfragalot 05 Nov 2019 08:42:35 Europe/Copenhagen
"The ecstatical temporality of the spatiality that is characteristic of Dasein, makes it intelligible that space is independent of time; but on the other hand, this same temporality also makes intelligible Dasein's 'dependence' on space—a 'dependence' which manifests itself in the well-known phenomenon that both Dasein's interpretation of itself and the whole stock of significations which belong to language in general are dominated through and through by 'spatial representations'.
Johannesen, H.-L. Performative space: Architecture beyond media? . Retrieved March 21, 2006,
http://www.diffus.dk/di ... designskolen/paper1.pdf
Added by: sirfragalot 21 Mar 2006 12:53:46 Europe/Copenhagen
"A performative space is, ultimately, a user oriented or user required space. The inhabitant of a space is understood as a participant more than a visitor, more using the space than being in space"
"You have to perform to use the potential of space"
"The medium of immersive virtual space is not merely a conceptual space but also a physical space, due to the potential of extension and envelopment three-dimensional [sic]"
Kracauer, S. (1960) Dialogue and sound. . Retrieved February 13, 2014,
http://analysis3.com/Di ... 60-download-w32223.html
Last edited by: sirfragalot 13 Feb 2014 09:26:58 Europe/Copenhagen
"The puzzling noises which the night is apt to produce attune the listener primarily to his physical environment because of their origin in some ungiven region of it."
"...localizable sounds do not as a rule touch off conceptual reasoning, language-bound thought; rather, they share with unidentifiable noises the quality of bringing the material aspects of reality into focus."
Kress, G. (2003).
Literacy in the new media age. London: Routledge.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 11 Aug 2006 12:37:22 Europe/Copenhagen
"Whatever is represented in speech (or to some lesser extent in writing) inevitably has to bow to the logic of time and of sequence in time. ... Human engagement with the world through speech or writing cannot escape that logic; it orders and shapes that human engagement with the world. Whatever is represented in image has to bow, equally, to the logic of space, and to the simultaneity of elements in spatial arrangements. ... 'The world narrated' is a different world to 'the world depicted and displayed'."
LaBelle, B. (2006).
Background noise: Perspectives on sound art. New York: Continuum.
Added by: sirfragalot 09 Mar 2014 12:13:35 Europe/Copenhagen
"Amplifying existing sounds, fostering auditory dialogues across inside and outside, tapping into structural vibrations to expand the sonic palette of tonality, and designing listening experiences by harnessing the environmental mix of found auditory events: each of these procedures come to the fore in sound installation, blossoming more fully into the beginnings of sound art as a distinct discipline."
"Xenakis's example is indispensable to any formulation of a history of sound art by forging a dynamic mix of musical and spatial elements. To appropriate and create architecture for renewed sense of listening, sound installation moves increasingly toward public space, situating the listener within a larger framework of sonic experience that is necessarily social, thereby leaving behind the singular object or space for an enlarged environmental potential."
"sound makes a given space appear beyond any total viewpoint: in echoing throughout the room, my clapping describes the space from a multiplicity of perspectives and locations, for the room is here, between the space of my palms, and there, along the trajectory of sound, appearing at multiple locations within its walls, for "the sound wave arriving at the ear is the analogue of the current state of the environment, because as the wave travels, it is charged by each interaction with the environment"
1. Barry Truax. 1994.
Acoustic Communication. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Corporation. p.15.
Lastra, J. (1992). Reading, writing, and representing sound. In R. Altman (Ed.),
Sound Theory Sound Practice (pp. 65–86). New York: Routledge.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 03 Mar 2006 14:09:52 Europe/Copenhagen
Developing Altman's description of 1930s sound recording/representation development (spatial fidelity giving way to intelligibility): "A recording with a high degree of reflected sound, or some other indication of spatial signature, is linked to sound considered as an
event, while closely-miked sound, with a relatively "contextless" spatial signature, is linked to sound considered as an intelligible structure -- as a signifying element with a larger structure." Although this is usually aplied to speech, Lastra points out that it also applies to sound FX.
Lefevbre, H. (1991).
The production of space D. Nicholson-Smith, Trans. Oxford: Blackwell.
Added by: sirfragalot 22 Mar 2006 16:07:35 Europe/Copenhagen
Complex spaces can be distinguished as:
1. Isotopias -- analogous places. 2. Heterotopias -- contrasting places, prohibited places(?). 3. Utopias -- no place, the absolute, symbolic, imaginary. See also Foucault (1984) for heterotopias.
Martin, R. L., Thrift, N. J., & Bennett, R. J. (Eds). (1978).
Towards the dynamic analysis of spatial systems. London: Pion.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 01 Aug 2006 15:05:53 Europe/Copenhagen
"...spatial systems are inherently unstable, prone to fluctuation and oscillation, to discontinuous shifts in behaviour and structure, and to adaptation and evolution
Montgomery, R. (Director) (1947).
Lady in the lake [Film]. USA: MGM.
Added by: sirfragalot 20 Jan 2006 16:40:27 Europe/Copenhagen
Part of the tag line is: "YOU and ROBERT MONTGOMERY solve a murder mystery together!"