Barfield, W., & Danas, E. (1996). Comments on the use of olfactory displays for virtual environments.
Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 5(1), 109–121.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 27 Jul 2018 15:21:50 Europe/Copenhagen
Notes that VEs (at the time of writing) do have smell even without specific olfactory devices but these are odours from the equipment, laboratory etc. and this often provides conflicting smell stimuli.
A number of olfactory analogs to visual parameters are given. Why visual given that, in many ways, smell is similar to hearing?
Piesse, G. (1857).
The art of perfumery and methods of obtaining the odors of plants.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 19 May 2014 14:33:31 Europe/Copenhagen
"The patrons of perfumery have always been considered the most civilized and refined people of the earth. If refinement consists in knowing how to enjoy the faculties which we possess, then must we learn not only how to distinguish the harmony of color and form, in order to please the sight, the melody of sweet sounds to delight the ear; the comfort of appropriate fabrics to cover the body, and to please the touch, but the smelling faculty must be shown how to gratify itself with the odoriferous products of the garden and the forest."
"Scents, like sounds, appear to influence the olfactory nerve in certain definite degrees. There is, as it were, an octave of odors like an octave in music; certain odors coincide, like the keys of an instrument. Such as almond, heliotrope, vanilla, and orange-blossoms blend together, each producing different degrees of a nearly similar impression. Again, we have citron, lemon, orange-peel, and verbena, forming a higher octave of smells, which blend in a similar manner. The metaphor is completed by what we are pleased to call semi-odors, such as rose and rose geranium for the half note; petty grain, neroli, a black key, followed by fleur d'orange. Then we have patchouli, sandal-wood, and vitivert, and many others running into each other."
Roberts, E. (2000).
Pity the damned. Queensland, Australia: Life Today.
Last edited by: sirfragalot 05 Jun 2015 10:09:06 Europe/Copenhagen
Le Petomane, who preferred to be called a “Fartiste”, drew huge crowds that included notables like the King of Belgium and Sigmund Freud. Many ecstatic patrons felt his clever patter transcended crudity and obscenity in what had until then been a taboo subject. Ladies were said to collapse through excessive laughter as they watched him smoke a cigarette through a derriere-fixed hose, or squirt a waterspout up to 15 feet, or accompany himself with anal noises while playing the trombone. Even the limericks of the day lauded him, “That as the result of a wager, He consented to fart, the whole oboe part, of Mozart’s Quartet in F major.”
So famous was his act that the services of Le Petomane were even sought out by the great American inventor, Thomas Edison, the genius who invented the electric lamp, the telephone, the phonograph, and the motion-picture projector.
Edison had arranged to have the largest pavilion at the 1900 Universal Exposition in Paris, where he planned to dazzle the world with his latest invention, moving black and white pictures featuring sound and smell! Edison first recorded a performance of Le Petomane on film. He then set up a special viewing room at the Exposition where, at a strategic moment during the film, a foul smell was to be released from a mechanism he had named the “Olfactograph”. This horrified Le Petomane. The fact was Le Petomane’s anal expulsions did not smell since they resulted from clean air drawn into his unusual rectum. Under threat of being sued, Edison cancelled this first attempt at “smellorama movies”."