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Ballas, J. A. (1994). Delivery of information through sound. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory Display: Sonification, Audification, and Auditory Interfaces (pp. 79–94). Reading MA: Addison-Wesley.  
Last edited by: sirfragalot 28 Apr 2009 06:34:10 Europe/Copenhagen
      The metaphor function of sound is an extension of the simile function and ideally should communicate so effectively that the sound enters common usage (i.e. become dead metaphors). Something that can be correctly interpreted more quickly than equivalent speech.
Familant, M. E., & Detweiler, M. C. (1993). Iconic reference: Evolving perspectives and an organizing framework. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 39(5), 705–728.  
Last edited by: sirfragalot 24 Aug 2005 14:22:48 Europe/Copenhagen
      Contains a critique of other iconic taxonomies including Gaver and Blattner et al. (Gaver, 1986; Blattner, Sumikawa, & Greenberg, 1989). The suggestion is that they fail in distinguishing between sign and referent relations. The authors propose a taxonomy including:

  • Direct reference: Signal ----> Sign Referent/Denotative Referent (identical referents).
  • Indirect reference: Signal ---->Sign Referent ----> Denotative Referent.

The referent relation (between Sign and Denotative referents) can be:

  • Part-part: S and D share a subset of features.
  • Part-whole: all the features of S are a subset of D.
  • Whole-part: all the features of D are a subset of S.
  • Identical: S and D have the same set features.
  • Disjoint: S and D have no features in common.

based on commonalities (or not) between feature sets of S and D. The most common signs are part-part and part-whole.
Schafer, R. M. (1994). The soundscape: Our sonic environment and the tuning of the world. Rochester Vt: Destiny Books.  
Last edited by: sirfragalot 14 Feb 2014 16:44:00 Europe/Copenhagen
      "In onomatopoeic vocabulary, man unites himself with the soundscape about him, echoing back its elements. The impression is taken in; the expression is thrown back in return."
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