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O'Callaghan, C. (2009). Sounds and events. In M. Nudds & C. O'Callaghan (Eds), Sounds & Perception (pp. 26–49). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
Added by: Mark Grimshaw (10 May 2012 07:34:16 Europe/Copenhagen)   Last edited by: Mark Grimshaw (27 Jan 2018 14:51:33 Europe/Copenhagen)
Resource type: Book Article
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 978-0-19-928296-8
BibTeX citation key: OCallaghan2009
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Categories: Embodied Cognition
Keywords: Definition of sound, Embodied cognition, Perspective, Phenomenology
Creators: Nudds, O'Callaghan
Publisher: Oxford University Press (Oxford)
Collection: Sounds & Perception
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Quotes
p.28   "sounds are particular events of a certain kind. They are events in which a moving object disturbs a surrounding medium and sets it moving. The strikings and crashings are not the sounds, but are the causes of sounds. The waves in the medium are not the sounds themselves, but are the effects of sounds."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw
Keywords:   perception
p.37   "[T]here is the event of an object or substance setting a medium into periodic motion. This is sound."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw
Keywords:   Definition of sound
p.46   "Sounds are stationary relative to their sources"   Added by: Mark Grimshaw
Keywords:   Location of sound
p.48   "Sounds are events that take place near their sources, not in the intervening space."   Added by: Mark Grimshaw
Keywords:   Ecology Localization
Paraphrases
pp.27-28   O'Callaghan presents 3 theories of sound:

1. Sounds are properties of bodies. A view held from Locke onwards -- bodies and objects possess sounds when they vibrate at particular frequencies and amplitudes.

2. Classic acoustic theory. Sounds are waves produced by vibrating bodies -- thus, we do not immediately hear the property a body 'possesses' but only hear the sound as a compression wave through a medium.

3. Sounds are events. O'Callaghan arrives at the 'event view' of sound from Aristotle's writings: sound is a movement (as per Aristotle) but O'Callaghan interprets this as -- the movement need not be the medium but can be the event that causes the medium's disturbance/movement. Sound is 'the act of one thing moving another' (p.27).   Added by: Mark Grimshaw
Keywords:   Acoustics perception
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